Universal design

Creating an environment that is likely to be understood and used by as many people as possible.

Reasonable adjustments

Within an education context, reasonable adjustments are changes made in the curriculum, classroom or school to enable students with disability or specific needs to participate on the same basis as other students.


The extent to which a student has choice or control in the activity.


The extent to which an adjustment results in a genuine learning activity, rather than simply occupying the student.

Real Learning

The extent to which a reasonable adjustment will address specific need so that the opportunity for the student to learn is enhanced.


The extent to which a reasonable adjustment provides opportunities to incorporate a student’s skill strengths and interests to further build and extend their learning and development.


The extent to which a student is learning or engaged with peers in the same activities, even if additional supports are provided, or if the level or specific type of learning outcome differs.